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What Is Sperm Motility and the way Does It Affect Fertility?

Overview


Sperm health is a crucial think about a couple’s ability to conceive. There are six main criteria for healthy sperm:


  • volume

  • motility

  • shape

  • ability to undergo the cervical mucus and make it to the egg

  • acrosome reaction

  • zona pellucida binding

  • nuclear decondensation

  • Sperm also got to have the proper number of chromosomes for a successful pregnancy. A breakdown in any of those criteria may result in male-factor infertility.




Read more: 5 common signs of infertility in men and ladies »


An estimated 15–20 percentTrusted Source of couples worldwide are suffering from infertility. Of those, approximately 30–40 percent are infertile thanks to male factors, including sperm motility. Another 20 percent are infertile thanks to a mixture of male and feminine factors.


Sperm motility and pregnancy

Healthy sperm motility is defined as sperm with forward progressions of a minimum of 25 micrometers per second. If a person has poor sperm mobility, it’s called asthenospermia or asthenozoospermia.


Slow or sluggish progressive motility

non-progressive motility, which is defined as anything but 5 micrometers per second

no mobility

Sperm speed and gender: Fact or fiction?

It’s long been thought that sperm with Y chromosomes, or “boy” sperm, swim faster than sperm with X chromosomes, referred to as “girl” sperm. StudiesTrusted Source have proven that this is often a myth, however, and there's no noticeable difference in motility or speed between X and Y sperm.


Causes

Lifestyle and environmental factors also play an enormous role in sperm motility. Smoking, for instance , has been linkedTrusted Source to decreased sperm motility, especially if the person smokes quite 10 cigarettes per day. Men who add the military or have jobs that include painting, driving, or repeated trauma to the pelvic area could also be in danger for work-induced infertility.


A condition called varicocele occurs when veins inside the scrotum become enlarged.


Low sperm motility can also flow from to a disorder within the male accessory gonad secretion, which results in the glands emptying more slowly.


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Diagnosis

Sperm motility are often tested through a routine semen analysis. For the test, you’ll got to provide a minimum of two semen samples. These are usually obtained by masturbation at a doctor’s office or testing facility. It’s also possible to get a sperm sample by having sex with a condom or withdrawing to get the sample. The sample must be kept at temperature and delivered to the power within 30 to hour . If but 40 percent of your sperm are motile, your considered to possess low sperm motility.


In addition to sperm motility, your doctor also can use a semen analysis to test:


the health of the male genital tract

accessory organs

ejaculation


Treatment

Some lifestyle changes may help increase sperm motility for a few men:


  • exercise regularly

  • maintain a healthy weight

  • limit telephone exposure

  • reduce alcohol

  • quit smoking

Some supplements can also help improve sperm motility. for instance , one studyTrusted Source found a 52 percent increase in sperm motility in men who took a daily supplement of 200 micrograms of selenium along side 400 units of vitamin E for a minimum of 100 days during a row. Speak to your doctor before taking supplements, and take care about where you purchase them. Supplements aren't regulated, so you ought to only buy them from reputable vendors.


If the explanation for the sperm mobility issue may be a medical problem, like low hormone levels or varicocele, medication like FSH or human chorionic gonadotropin may help. In some cases, your doctor may recommend surgery.


Learn more: Fertility drugs: Treatment options for ladies and men »


Outlook

Many factors can affect male fertility. employing a reproductive technology like in vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination (IUI) can help increase the prospect of pregnancy. this is often because they bypass the necessity for the sperm to swim on their own.


Read more: IUI success stories from parents »


Your doctor can test you and your partner to work out if there are any health conditions affecting fertility. Your doctor will then determine next steps.

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